Improving Pedestrian Safety ; How the Combination of Zoning, Design, and Gentrification Enhance de facto Segregation

Custard, Hanna, School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Virginia
Ku, Tsai-Hsuan, EN-Engineering and Society, University of Virginia
Smith, Brian, EN-Eng Sys and Environment, University of Virginia

"We have come a long way from the days where there was state-enforced segregation, but we still have a way to go" (Ginsburg). Ginsburg shares this quote in an interview to contrast her colleagues, who often vote on the premise that racism is an artifact of the past. That being said, while zoning ordinances in the past were solely able to abet racial segregation, it is the goal of this research paper to determine if civil design and gentrification further enhance segregation. More specifically, how these variables enhance de facto segregation in residential areas. The Technical portion of this paper focuses on pedestrian safety, and what immediate changes can be made today as well as anticipation of future technological solutions.
The technical portion of this report is related to the STS in that it attempts to find a solution for an area that has been innately segregated. The demographic is majority Hispanic, and the built environment has no pedestrian infrastructure. The lack of sidewalks is not only a safety hazard but provides no connectivity for the community. Without a sidewalk, the people in this community are segregated from businesses and surrounding neighborhoods. This example is quintessential of how design or lack there or can lead to segregation in residential areas.

BS (Bachelor of Science)
infrastructure , design, gentrification, segregation, civil engineering, contemplative commons, friendship court

School of Engineering and Applied Science

Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering

Technical Advisor: Brian Smith

STS Advisor: Tsai-Hsuan Ku

Technical Team Members: Aimee Barnes, Hanna Custard

Issued Date: