An Analysis of Machine Learning Practices in Medical Imaging; Automation in Caregiving: Technology and Residential Care for the Aged in the United States

Belcher, William, School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Virginia
Norton, Peter, EN-Engineering and Society, University of Virginia
Vrugtman, Rosanne, EN-Comp Science Dept, University of Virginia

To develop useful and usable tools, designers must understand use cases and users' needs, goals, and environment. User-centered design and better communication between developers and users can improve healthcare, including medical imaging analysis and care for the aged.

Machine learning analysis in medical imaging can increase the accuracy, speed, and affordability of specialists’ diagnoses, but poor performance and misleading results still limit its utility. To improve real-world performance, I propose greater transparency in data collection and algorithm development. Biases in training data and model evaluation can misrepresent the effectiveness of a proposed analysis tool. With transparent data and algorithms, researchers, medical specialists, and developers can make more informed decisions on ways to publicize and use machine learning models.

An aging US population and strained healthcare system capacity puts pressure on caregivers, physicians, patients, advocacies, and corporations to automate aspects of aged patient treatment. Automation can let doctors treat more patients, improve access to healthcare, and promote patients’ independence. Yet such systems may also become excuses to assign caregivers excessive patient loads, compromise patient safety and privacy, and degrade interpersonal care in the treatment of aged patients. By supporting and augmenting human caregiving instead of displacing it, beneficial automation supports patient-physician relationships and better serves patients’ diverse needs.

BS (Bachelor of Science)
healthcare automation, interpersonal care, machine learning

School of Engineering and Applied Science

Bachelor of Science in Computer Science

Technical Advisor: Rosanne Vrugtman

STS Advisor: Peter Norton

Issued Date: