Tamagawa Products for Elliptic Curves over Number Fields

Siegel, Casia, Mathematics - Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Virginia
Siegel, Casia, Mathematics, University of Virginia

In recent work, Griffin, Ono, and Tsai constructs an $L-$series to prove that the proportion of short Weierstrass elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$ with trivial Tamagawa product is $0.5054\dots$ and that the average Tamagawa product is $1.8183\dots$. Following their work, we generalize their $L-$series over arbitrary number fields $K$ to be
\[L_{\mathrm{Tam}}(K; s):=\sum_{m=1}^{\infty}\frac{P_{\mathrm{Tam}}(K; m)}{m^s},\]
where $P_{\mathrm{Tam}}(K;m)$ is the proportion of short Weierstrass elliptic curves over $K$ with Tamagawa product $m$. We then construct Markov chains to compute the exact values of $P_{\mathrm{Tam}}(K;m)$ for all number fields $K$ and positive integers $m$. As a corollary, we also compute the average Tamagawa product $L_{\mathrm{Tam}}(K;-1)$. We then use these results to uniformly bound $P_{\mathrm{Tam}}(K;1)$ and $L_{\mathrm{Tam}}(K,-1)$ in terms of the degree of $K$. Finally, we show that there exist sequences of $K$ for which $P_{\mathrm{Tam}}(K;1)$ tends to $0$ and $L_{\mathrm{Tam}}(K;-1)$ to $\infty$, as well as sequences of $K$ for which $P_{\mathrm{Tam}}(K;1)$ and $L_{\mathrm{Tam}}(K;-1)$ tend to $1$.

MS (Master of Science)
Elliptic Curve, Tamagawa Number, Tamagawa Product
All rights reserved (no additional license for public reuse)
Issued Date: