Practical Exosuit Design for Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/Racial Disparities in United States Health Care: Closing the Gap

Bailey, Ellianna, School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Virginia
Norton, Peter, EN-Engineering and Society, University of Virginia
Sun, Sarah, EN-Mech & Aero Engr Dept, University of Virginia

How are improvements in healthcare being pursued?
How can a textile-based soft exoskeleton be used to maintain the activities of daily living (ADL) of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)? The creation of fully soft, upper-limb exoskeletons for rehabilitation of patients with neuromuscular disorders, such as ALS, is an emerging field of study and industry. Of the millions debilitated by these diseases, few can use such robots due to insufficient research. The research team designed a fully soft wearable robotic device that will be able to assist patients with ALS. With IMU and EMG sensors, a cable actuator, and computer programming, the team developed such a device.
How do interest groups, advocacies, and others strive to lessen the racial disparities in healthcare in the United States? Public health agencies report health data and fund health services. To fight for health equity, advocacies in health, civil rights and racial justice have established community health centers, free clinics, and demonstration projects. Insurance companies, hospitals and professional associations have influenced such efforts, in part to protect their own interests.
In the US, racial disparities in healthcare reflect systemic inequalities that contribute to comparable disparities in education, housing, and criminal justice. Despite improvements in some communities within the US there are still millions without the necessary healthcare they need.

BS (Bachelor of Science)
EMG , IMU, exoskeleton, exosuit, neuromuscular disorder, neuromuscular disease, ALS, ADL, Arduino, Bowden cable, 3D print, TCPA, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, upper-limb, health care disparities, healthcare disparities, racial disparities, health advocacy, health justice, universal healthcare coverage, single-payer, universal healthcare insurance, health insurance, civil rights, women's health, community fridge, community garden, vulnerable communities, medical device, medical robot

School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering
Technical Advisor: Sarah Sun
STS Advisor: Peter Norton
Technical Team Members: Patrick Evans, Priti Patel, Willis Williams, Lilly Xu, Nicholas Yantiss

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