Calculating Long Range Two Photon Visibility for Entanglement Swapping Based Quantum Communication via Sampling

Zhang, Pengqing, Physics - Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Virginia
Kolomeisky, Eugene, Department of Physics, University of Virginia

In this dissertation I develop a Monte-Carlo sampling approach to redress the enormous computational time required to calculate two-photon visibility for multiple-entanglement-swapping-based long-distance quantum communication. I employ our theory to study both the realistic setting involving dark counts, multi-photon events and loss, and I also study the semi-idealistic case of perfect synchronized single-photon sources; this semi-idealistic case is used to verify my sampling method. My new sampling method enables successful, reliable calculation of visibility for up to six consecutive entanglement-swapping stations. Although six entanglement-swapping stations lead to extremely low rates in the real-world setting, my sampling method for solving long-distance quantum communication rates and visibility serves as a valuable tool for modeling future viable quantum communication strategies incorporating promising technology such as optical quantum memory.

MS (Master of Science)
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