Insights: From Social Psychology to Computational User Modeling
Gong, Lin, Computer Science - School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Virginia
Wang, Hongning, EN-Comp Science Dept, University of Virginia
In the field of social psychology, a huge amount of research has been conducted to understand human behaviors by studying their physical space and belongings. Inspired from these fruitful findings, can we design corresponding computational models to characterize diverse online user behaviors by exploring users' behavior data, to understand diverse user intents? Can we further integrate different types of behavior signals driven by the same intents, to build a unified model for each user?
Thanks to the advent of participatory web, which created massive amounts of user-generated data, we are able to study online user attributes and behaviors from these clues. Traditional social psychology studies commonly conduct surveys and experiments to collect user data in order to infer attributes of individuals, which are expensive and time-consuming. In contrast, we aim to understand users by building computational user models automatically, thereby to save time and efforts. And the principles of social psychology serve as good references for building such computational models.
In this dissertation, we develop new techniques to model online user behaviors based on user-generated data to better understand user preferences and intents. We get inspired from social psychology principles in user behavior modeling and these developed computational models provide alternative to explain human behaviors in the physical world. More specifically, we focus on two challenges: (1) model users' diverse ways of expressing attitudes or opinions; (2) build unified user models by integration of different modalities of user-generated data.
To tackle the challenge of capturing users' diverse opinions, we borrow the concept of social norms evolution to achieve personalized sentiment classification. By realizing the consistency existing in users' attitudes, we further perform clustered model adaptation to better calibrate such opinion coherence. To understand users from a comprehensive perspective, we utilize different modalities of user-generated data to form multiple companion learning tasks, which are further paired to accommodate the consistency existing in multi-modal user-generated data. And each individual user is modeled as a mixture over these paired instances to realize his/her behavior heterogeneity. To better characterize the correlation among different modalities of user-generated data, joint learning of different embeddings, together with explicit modeling of their relationships are performed, in order to achieve a comprehensive understanding of user intents and preferences. This dissertation borrows principles from social psychology to better design effective computational user modeling. It also provides a foundation for making user behavior modeling useful for many other applications as well as offers new directions for designing more powerful and flexible models.
PHD (Doctor of Philosophy)
User behavior modeling, Sentiment analysis, Model adaptation, Multi-task learning, Social network, Network embedding, Topic modeling , Representation learning
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